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高中英语期末60个必考知识点大汇总!

作者: admin 分类:英语资讯 浏览量:发布时间: 2020-10-29 00:23

末考试即将到来,今天为高一的同学准备了非常丰富和全面的备考资料——高一英语期末60个必考知识点大汇总!

1. be fond of “喜爱,爱好” 接名词、代词或动词的-ing形式。

He’s fond of sming. 他喜欢游泳。

Are you fond of fresh vegetables. 你喜欢新鲜蔬菜吗?

He is fond of his research portant meeting.

In order to be noticed, he shouted and oney.她不喜欢钱。

2)关心 = care for

She thinks only of herself. She doesn’t care about other people.她只考虑自己。她不关心别人。

3)在乎,在意(接从句或不接任何成分)

These young people care nothing about ight say.

这些年轻人根本不在乎老人说的话。

5. such as 意为“诸如……”,“像……”,是用来列举人或事物的。

She teaches three subjects, such as physics and chemistry.她教三门科目,像物理、化学。

6. drop a line 留下便条, 写封短信

7. make yourself at home 别客气;随便;无拘束

If you get to my house before I do, help yourself to a drink and make yourself at home.如果你在我之前到我家,自己喝点饮料,随便一点。

8. stay up 不睡;熬夜

(1) I'll be late home, don't stay up for me.

我将回家很晚,不要等我了。

(2) He stayed up reading until 2:00 in the morning.

他熬夜看书直到凌晨两点。

9. come about 引起;发生;产生

(1)Hoe about?

这场事故是怎么发生的?

(2) They didn't knoe about.

他们不知道这个变化是怎样产生的。

10. except for 除……之外

(1) except 与 except for 的用法常有区别。except 多用于引起同类事物中被排除的一项。如:

①He anspty.

除去一个老太太,这辆公共汽车全空了。

②Your picture is good except for the colours.

你的画儿很好,只是某些色彩有问题。

(3)但在现代英语中,except for也用于表示except的意思。如上述第一个例子可以是:

He ansmer.

除了夏季,我们通常十点之前上床睡觉。

11. end up ore or less 几乎;差不多;大约;大概;大体上

(1) I've more or less succeeded, but they haven't.

我差不多成功了,而他们没有。

(2) Our living condition has more or less improved.

我们的生活水平或多或少提高了。

13. bring in 引进;引来;吸收

(1) We should bring in neonth.

他一个月挣八百美元。

14. get a) 逃离

(1)The thieves got a the shop oney.

小偷带着我们所有的钱从商店逃跑了。

(2)I caught a really big fish but it got aing.

小心!汽车来了。

(2)Watch out for the hole in the road.

留神路上的那个坑。

16. see sb. off 给某人送行

Tomorroy friend off at the railine isn't usician as y uncle. 我在度假的时候去看望了叔叔。

22. travel agency旅行社

=travel bureau

23. take off

1)脱下(衣服等), 解(除)掉

He took off his e. It ooth take-off.飞机准时起飞。起飞非常顺利。

3)匆匆离开

The six men got into the car and took off for the park.这六个人上了车,匆匆离开去公园。

24. go inutes.我们五分钟以后开始广播。

This programme comes on the air at the same time every day.这个节目每天在同一时间播出。

30. think highly

/uch of对……评价很高, 赞赏, 对……印象好

He anager.经理对他非常赞赏。

I think uch of him as a teacher.我觉得他作为一个老师不怎么样。

31. leave out

1) 漏掉 You made a mistake—You’ve left out a letter “t”.你出错了—你漏掉了一个字母t.

2) 删掉, 没用 I haven’t changed or left out a thing.我没有作出变动也没有删掉任何东西。

32. stare at (由于好奇、激动等张着嘴巴,睁大眼睛地)凝视,盯着看

Don’t stare at foreigners. It’s impolite.不要盯着外国人看,这样不礼貌。

比较:glare at (to stare angrily at)怒视着

这两个小男孩互相怒视着,随时准备开战。

33. make jokes about 就……说笑

They make jokes about my old hat.他们就我的旧帽子说笑我。

have a joke e.他停下来跟我开玩笑。

play a joke on…开某人的玩笑

We played jokes on each other. 我们互相开玩笑。

v. joke about 取笑 They joked about my broken English.他们取笑我蹩脚的英。

34. take over 接管;接替;继承

an has left, so Jack icals in the body break our food doicals. 化学物质引起食物转化。

36. get on one’s feet

1)站起来;站起来发言

2)(=stand on one's feet)自立, 经济上独立

3)(人)病好了, 可以起床了; (使)恢复, 复苏(指企业)

37. go through

1) 经历;经受;遭到

These countries have gone / been through too many ent. 议会已经通过了这项法案。

Their plans s.在海关他们检查了我们的行李。

38.take over 接管;接替;继承

an has left, so Jack icals in the body break our food doicals. 化学物质引起食物转化。

40. “So + be/have/助动词/情态动词+主词”的结构。此结构中的语序是倒装的,“So”代替上句中的某个成分。如果上面一句是否定句,则使用“Neither/Nor+be/have/助动词/情态动词+主语”的结构。

He’s tired,and so am I.(=I’ m also tired.)

You can s,and so can I.(=I can also s.)

She has had supper,and so can I.(=I’ve had lunch,too.)

Tom speaks English,and so does his sister.(=His sister speaks English,too.)

A: I to like sports.

B:So I do.(=Yes,I do.)

A:It orroe to hand in my composition on time and I did so.(=I handed inmy composition on time.) 语文老师叫我按时交作文, 我照办了。

43. So it is e y sister.

44. There you are. 行了,好。 这是一句表示一种事情告一段落或有了最终结果的用语。

There you are! Then let's have some coffee.

除此之外,还可以表示“瞧,对吧(果然如此)”的语气。

There you are! I knee difficulty (in) doing sth. 干某事有困难;接名词时,常用句型:have some difficulty e difficulty e peanuts and it onkey eat from his hand.魏彬拿出一些花生。看着猴子从他手上吃花生,很有趣。

fun “好玩,趣事”,不可数名词,前面不加不定冠词a。

You’re sure to have some fun at the party tonight. 今天晚上你肯定会玩得很开心。

make fun of“取笑”,“嘲弄”。People make fun of him only because he is eane 13 to 19 ost and difficult time for me .

答案解析:由句中from 13 to 19可知,13岁到19岁不止一年的年龄差,此处为复数概念。答案:year改为years.

2016年浙江卷

When I y father created a regular practice I remember books.

答案解析:knoe that the key to his success is honest .

答案解析: honest 为形容词,根据语意“我叔叔告诉我他成功的关键在于诚实”,可知,此处用名词形式做表语。答案:honest 改为honesty.

④名词与名词的所有格错用

2011年全国卷

When I finally arrived at my friend he lent me lots of clothes .

答案解析:根据语义,“当我最后到达我朋友的家时......”这里是指朋友的家,因此friend 改为 friend’s .

2.形容词和副词常见错误

① 系动词后用形容词

常见的系动词有4类.

状态类:be , seem , appear;

感觉类:look , sound , feel,smell,taste;

变化类:become ,turn , go, get等;

保持状态类:keep, remain, stay等。

2016 ( 全国卷III )

I even felt my parents conldn’t understand me so I hoped I could be freely from them.

答案解析:系动词be后应是形容词做表语,freely 为副词。答案:freely 改为free.

2014 四川卷

Don’t panic or get out of line , and try to remain quiet and calmly.

答案解析: remain为系动词,后接形容词做表语,calmly为副词。答案: calmly改为calm.

② 词性的误用

形容词修饰名词或者代词,在句中充当定语。副词修饰动词、形容词、副词或整个句子,在句中做状语。

2016 (全国卷I )

Instead , he hopes that our business ing has already become a very seriously problem.

答案解析:根据句子结构判断,要用形容词修饰名词 problem. seriously 为副词。答案:seriously 要改为serious.

③ 比较级,最高级的误用

They y life .

答案解析:句中有表示范围的 in my life ,同时应与前面的best 保持一致, ’s favoritest.

答案解析:favorite 为无等级形容词,本意为“最喜欢的”.答案:favoritlest 改为favorite.

三、代词、冠词的常见错误

1.代词的常见错误:

①代词的指代错误

代词指代错误是代词的指代对象,代词的性别,单复数及代词的格与文章的逻辑意义不一致。举例如下:

2016(全国卷Ⅰ)

Instead , he hopes that our business e he arrived home at the end of the day , e 可知,性别指代错误。答案: her 改为 him。

He closed his ears to the sound of the lunch bell and refused to go to the place e came.

答案解析: 根据句子结构分析,people 是复数。答案:his 改为 their。

2013全国卷Ⅰ

He had a deep voice , self apart form others in our small toself 改为 him。

②反身代词的错用

2016 (全国卷Ⅲ)

At first , I thought I kneake decisions by yourself .

答案解析:根据句子结构分析,句子的主语是 I 。答案:yourself 改为 myself。

③多代词或少代词

2015 (全国卷Ⅱ)

Five minutes later , Tony saals are dying out .

答案解析: animals 为可数名词, much 修饰不可数名词。答案: much 改为 many。

2014 陕西卷

My uncles immediately jumped up and shot their arros of becoming rich in the short period of time .

答案解析:“the”表特指,“a/an”表泛指,此处表泛指,用不定冠词a . In a short period of time 意为 “短期内”。 答案:the 改为 a 。

2015 ( 全国卷Ⅱ)

A an sa crying and told him to visit outside a shop .

答案解析:根据句意,shop 指上文提到的 shopping center ,表特指。答案:a 改为 the .

③ 多冠词或少冠词

2016( 全国卷Ⅱ )

But in that case , ake decisions by myself .

答案解析: at first 为固定短语, 意为“起初,开始” 。答案: 删掉the

四、连词、介词的常见错误

1. 连词的错误

连词分为并列连词和从属连词,并列连词有表关联(and),转折(but/ hoakes sure that fresh vegetables or high quality oil are used for cooking .

答案解析:根据句意可知,fresh vegetables 和 high quality 为并列关系,而非转折关系。答案: or 改为and.

2016年四川卷

Mom has a full - time job , so she has to do most of the house .

The dishes ’s favorite.

答案解析:根据句子结构分析,考查定语从句,从句中缺少宾语. 先行词 the dishes 指物,所以 / ever, e time ,he turned around and found issing .

答案解析: 根据句子结构分析,found后接宾语从句,语意完整 。答案: istake e on the floor after I up .

答案解析: 根据句意, 我唯一的错误是我将它们打包的时候误掉在地上。考查时间状语从句连词的误用。答案: after 改为 as , and he rode it every day .

答案解析:这里考查强调句,去掉 “it leaving home to colldge.

答案解析: 固定词组 leave ...for 表示“离开某地去某地”。 答案: to 改为for .

2015 (全国卷II )

Tony sas becoming rich in a short period of time .

答案解析: dream of doing sth是固定搭配,意为“梦想做某事”。答案:在becoming 前加介词of.

以上是高考英语短文改错的所有考点,能看到看到这里,说明你不仅爱学习,而且有毅力。优秀的的,英语成绩一定会提高的!

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